Biopesticide is a short form of Biological pesticide. This is a technique in the discipline of pest management and does involve organic or biochemical interactions of organisms.
Biopesticides are the elements used in biological control mechanisms and do use parasitic or predatory actions of the bio-control agents in framing.
These are fungi, microbes, nematodes, proteins and others bio-chemical agents.
VIB uses many bio-control agents in farming. They conduct regular training among the farmers to disseminate knowledge of Biopesticides and their efficient uses.
These bio pesticides, if used properly, can reduce indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides that have adverse effect on the soil Eco-systems.
Here is a list of the Bio-control agents that are used by VIB.
|Biological Control Agents|
|Bio-control agents||Category||Target pest||Crops|
|Trichogramma spp.||Egg parasites||Lepidopteron pests like stem borer, shoot borer, fruit borer etc.||Paddy, Sugarcane, Cotton and Vegetables|
|Chrysoperla cernea||Predator||Aphids, Jassids, White flies, Mealybugs, Thrips and eggs of Lepidopteron pests||Mustard, Brinjal, Cabbage and other Crucifers|
|Ladybird beetle||Predator||Aphids, Jassids, white flies, mealy bugs, Lepidopteron larvae, soft bodied insects etc.||Mustard, Brinjal, cabbage and other crucifers|
|Bacillus thuringiensis||Pathogenic bacteria||Lepidopteron pests||Cotton, Pulses, Tomato, Rice, Brinjal, vegetables etc.|
|Trichoderma spp.||Pathogenic fungus||Plant pathogens||All types of vegetables|
|Beauveria bassiana||Entomo pathogenic fungus||Wide range of insect pests- White grubs,||Cruciferous crops, Paddy, vegetables|
|Metarrhizium anisopliae||Entomo pathogenic fungus||Wide range of insect pests like sucking pests, Termite, Hopper etc.||Sugarcane, Coconut, Brinjal, Tomato, Bhindi, Tea,Vegetables etc.|
|Paecilomyces lilacinus||Entomo pathogenic fungus||Nematode||All types of vegetables|
|Pseudomonas fluorescens||Pathogenic bacteria||Wide range of soil borne diseases like bacteria, fungi, nematode etc.||All types of vegetables & Paddy|
|Neem Oil||Repellant & Anti- feedant||Lepidopteron pest, Sucking Pest, Nematodes &Termites||All types of vegetables, Flowers, Tea, Fruits and Paddy|
|Neem Seed Powder||Repellant & Anti- feedant||Lepidopteron pest, Sucking Pest, Nematodes &Termites||All types of vegetables, Flowers, Tea, Fruits and Paddy|